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[1/3] > Javornik, a small picturesque town in the czech region of Olomouc as we know, thrived in its golden era of prosperity and growth, becoming a significant pin on the map of the Silesian region, once even regarded as a cultural centre, though it has suffered immense destruction under the feet of the summoned foreign forces which like a flame, spread across the entire town leaving behind mounds rubble and ruins.. .
not so much, a pleasant site.
[2/3] > Despite what we already know, from our introduction to Javorník article, many monuments and sites that often are regarded as sites of major historical significance and cultural heritage, still remain standing to this day on the soils of the ‘Javorník u Jeseníku‘. Like for example, the rectory building (inception 1721) found on Puškinova street, is a clergy house and a perfect example of neoclassical architecture observed when strolling through the cobbled streets of the town. After the ‘Jánsky Vrch’ castle, the most notable building in the town is the Kostel Nejsvětější Trojice (Holy Trinity Church – Inception 1716-1718) is an example of baroque architecture. Javorník was also home to numerous famous personalities in history, ‘Dům Karla Ditterse z Dittersdorfu’ is the house in which the famous Austrian composer and violinist Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf lived. The Statue of John of Nepomuk in Javorník is 2 meters tall and another statue the Maria column regarded as ‘public art’ in Javorník (inception – 1723) can be found on Náměstí Svobody street in the centre of the town.
[3/3] > We’ve mentioned previously about ‘famous personalities’ or in other words ‘notable people of Javorník’, so let’s just take a brief look into whom these famous people are.
Born in Vienna (1739), Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf was known as a famous Austrian composer and violinist and was friends with Mozart and Haydn.
[1/4] > Von Dittersdorf was first introduced to the violin at the age of just six, later becoming a student at a Jesuit school and then a violinist in the orchestra of the Benedictine church. Throughout his life, Carl Ditters pursued a career of a violinist, was hired by many influential figures like Prince Joseph of Saxe-Hildburghausen or Count Durazzo to take performance in numerous orchestras, travelled across Europe to cities like Bologna or Paris and (1785) played alongside Haydyn, Mozart and Wanhal string quartets – the four of the greatest composers of their time. The significance of Von Dittersdorf to Javorník was in 1765, when introduced was Carl to the Prince-Bishop of *Breslau – Philipp Gotthard von Schaffgotsch, who was then working on creating a cultural centre around his court based at Jánsky Vrch (or ‘Schloß Johannesberg‘ in those times). Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf resided in *Johannesberg for over twenty years, where produced was most of his creative output, writing symphonies, string quartets, opere buffe and chamber music. It was also at the Jánsky Vrch, where in 1785 Carl performed string quartets alongside three of the greatest composers of the time. Today in Javorník, one may find the house of Carl Ditters and an erected monument in the town centre.
Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, a well-known German poet, novelist and playwright, born in Ratibor (Racibórz) in 1788,
[2/4] >.. .is regarded as one of the major writers and critics of Romanticism, with his critically acclaimed novella ‘Aus dem Leben eines Taugenichts’ 1826 (Memoirs of a Good-for-Nothing) as one of his best works and a high point of Romantic fiction. The journey of Von Eichendorff’s writing/literary career first began at the age of 10, when he started writing diaries which showcased many insights into the the development of the young writer, from simple statements about the weather to early poem pieces. He attended lectures at the University of *Breslau (Wroclaw) and later studied law and humanities in Halle an der Saale before it was taken by the forces of Napoleon (1806). He completed his studies at the University of Heidelberg which then was regarded as another important centre of Romanticism and in 1808 he finished his degree and undertook an educational journey to Paris, Vienna and Berlin. In Berlin, Joseph came into closer contact with some notable romantic writers like Clemens Brentano, Adam Müller or Heinrich von Kleist. He then concluded his studies with a state examination diploma in Vienna (1810). Von Eichendorff with his literary figure of the ‘Good for Nothing’ created the paradigm of the wanderer (a motif which itself was central to romanticism) though he wasn’t much of a hiker, his travels through Germany, Austria and France rounded off his education. Some of his documented trips include the cities of Prague (1794), *Breslau (1816), *Königsberg (1824) and Munich and Vienna (1838). Von Eichendorff was also known to have worked in various capacities as Prussian government administrator he also worked as Privy Councilor for the Foreign Ministry until retirement in 1844.
Our third guy we’ll be looking into was born in Javorník himself, Johann Nepomuk Rust (1775). Very well was Rust known as a surgeon and a military physician.
[3/4] > He studied medicine in Prague, earning a degree in obstetrics and later a doctorate in surgery. Briefly did Johann work in Vienna and Paris before moving to Kraków where he became a professor of surgery at the Univeristy of Kraków, he later became a full professor at the Univeristy of Berlin. He also became a member of the Prussian military. Elected was he a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (1834) and then three years later, Rust was appointed director of surgical and pharmaceutical studies at the Berlin University. One of his greatest literary works was the highly acclaimed multi-volume textbook on surgery “Theoretisch-praktisches Handbuch der Chirurgie, mit Einschluss der syphilitischen und Augen-Krankheiten“. Though towards the end of his career, Johann suffered from failing eyesight. He died in his estate *Schloss Kleutsch (Kluczowa) near *Frankenstein in Schlesien or ‘Ząbkowice Śląskie’ in Silesia.
‘Philipp Gotthard von Schaffgotsch’ (1716-1795) [4/4]
[4/4] > Javorník was once regarded as a cultural centre of the silesian region. The name of the final chosen personality from the nine Wikipedia provides, is one we came across just moments earlier in our article ‘Philipp Gotthard von Schaffgotsch’ (1716-1795) was a key figure in shaping the reputation of Javorník as the cultural centre it was recognised as at the time of the Holy Roman Empire in Europe. Schaffgotsch was the German Prince-Bishop of *Breslau and a significant promoter of music at the time. Similarly to the other three personalities we looked at, Schaffgotsch was from the area also – born in *Bad Warmbrunn (Cieplice Śląskie-Zdrój). Later in Rome, he was educated by the Jesuits at the ‘Collegium Romanum’ and when he turned 22, Schaffgotsch was ordained a Roman Catholic Priest in Vienna, appointed a canon in Olomouc before *Breslau. However, it was only after 1747, where elevated by King Frederick II of Prussia was the position of Schaffgotsch to Prince-Bishop of Breslau. At the outbreak of the Seven Years War, Schaffgotsch brought the seat of his diocese to Jánsky Vrch – a move that deprived Schaffgotsch of his formal position in *Breslau, as by many key figures of power like ‘Frederick the Great’ was seen as betrayal (since during this time, Javorník formed part of Austria and *Breslau was across the border within Prussia, both countries were at war with each other). Javorník ultimately remained his residence until Schaffgotsch’s death.
Sunday 24th January, 2021
08:00 PM Irish Standard Time
#TalksOnCulture || TodaysWanderluster
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